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Medical Abbreviations A – Z – (M)

Medical Abbreviations A – Z - (M)
Search byKeyword or KeyphraseMAO-A | MAOB | MD | MDR | MERS | MRI | MRSA




MAO-A
Monoamine oxidase A, also known as MAO-A, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAOA gene. This gene is one of two neighboring gene family members that encode mitochondrial enzymes which catalyze the oxidative deamination of amines, such as dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin. A mutation of this gene results in Brunner syndrome. This gene has also been associated with a variety of other psychiatric disorders, including antisocial behavior. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed.
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MAOBMonoamine oxidase B, also known as MAOB, is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the MAOB gene.
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the flavin monoamine oxidase family. It is an enzyme located in the outer mitochondrial membrane. It catalyzes the oxidative deamination of biogenic and xenobiotic amines and plays an important role in the catabolism of neuroactive and vasoactive amines in the central nervous system and peripheral tissues. This protein preferentially degrades benzylamine and phenylethylamine.[5] Like MAOA, it also degrades dopamine.
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MD Doctor of Medicine (abbreviated M.D., from the Latin Medicinae Doctor) is a medical degree, the meaning of which varies between different jurisdictions. In the United States, Canada and some other countries, the M.D. denotes a professional graduate degree awarded upon graduation from medical school.
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MDR Multi-drug Resistant. Microbes resistant to multiple antimicrobials.
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MERS – abbreviation for – Middle East respiratory syndrome
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MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging.
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MRSAMethicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
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