HCQIA – [ Medical Law – US ]
The Health Care Quality and Improvement Act of 1986 (HCQIA) arose from a decline in the quality of healthcare due to increasing medical malpractice. At the time, inept physicians were moving from state to state without disclosure of prior incompetent performances. The threat of monetary damages unreasonably discouraged physicians from effectively participating in professional peer review. HCQIA protects against monetary damages for physicians who take part in the peer review of potentially incompetent physicians. HCQIA also created a national practitioner data bank to track inept, incompetent, or unprofessional physicians, and enacted procedural rules for due process, privilege restrictions, and reporting and disbursement of information.