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AO Air’s The Atmos Face Mask Might Be Your Best Bet to Block Germs

In a world of bushfires, Coronavirus, and next-level air pollution, is this pricey device worth the splurge?

AO Air's The Atmos Face Mask Futuristic Terminator Chic. (Source Men's Health).

Travel on an airplane lately, or even walk down a busy city street, and chances are you’ve encountered some fellow commuters donning face masks.

In the wake of the coronavirus epidemic in China, personal protective gear use has skyrocketed worldwide, even leading to deficiencies for people who need them most, like healthcare workers and people who are actually sick, according to the World Health Organization.

It’s been a hot topic of debate how effective it is for members of the general population to wear protective equipment like surgical masks, but one company claims they’ve created a personal air filtration system that really works.The only catch is, you might have to shed your dignity and a field a lot of weird looks if you choose to sport it in public (and that’s kinda when you should be wearing it).

The Atmos from company AO Air is extremely different from the face masks you’ve been seeing since the coronavirus outbreak.

Wear the AO Atmos Face Mask in public, if you dare! (Source Men's Health)

For one, it doesn’t seal around the face. AO Air argues that the traditional method of face protection leaves the wearer breathing in their regurgitated CO2 filled breaths, instead of new, fresh oxygen. The Atmos, however, relies on fans to provide a constant one-way air flow. The fans route oxygen through an impressive filtration system that traps larger particles as well as fines ones like dust, pollen, and ash. It connects to an app through Bluetooth to give information on the quality of air you’re breathing, plus the status of your filters and batteries, which need to be replaced fairly regularly. AO Air also claims that the Atmos can even keep up with situations when you’re using a lot of oxygen, like sprinting or any type of workout performed at peak level.

The scientific claims are backed up by an independent study from the Auckland University of Technology, which found the Atmos provides up to 50 times more protection that other leading air filtration masks.

Mathieu Forget x Aō Air
Watch this video on YouTube.

But how does it hold up to the first date test? It’s clear, rather than covered, so people can actually see your face (a bonus). The design of the protective shield itself is sleek and futuristic, almost like a version of X-Men’s Cyclops, though, no, it doesn’t shoot out lasers (a negative). We can imagine the fan background noise being a little disruptive to first-date conversation (that could be a positive or negative depending on how the date’s going).

Ultimately we would recommend pre-ordering the Atmos, which will be available this summer, for a few specific types of people:

A) The total germaphobe who doesn’t mind being noticed.

B) The athlete who struggles with poor air quality where they live and is open to trying something new.

C) The fashion thirst trap who’s looking for the best way to get some street style photographer attention during Fashion Week.

For the rest of us, we’ll stick to regularly washing our hands.

Tree Air Purity – Why Tree-Hugging is Good for your Health

Ancient health wisdom is rarely wrong. Turns out tree-hugging is great for your health & wellbeing.

Forest bathing, tree hugging & tree therapy. Proven to be medicinal. (iStock/Getty Images)

Forest bathing is the latest health trend, but what exactly is it?

Translated from the Japanese term “shinrin-yoku,” forest bathing also is known as forest therapy. It’s somewhat like hiking through the forest. It’s also like meditating among the trees. Yet it’s not exactly either.

Diana Beresford-Kroeger, the first to write about tree aerosols, says “tree compounds are released like rockets into the air.”
Beresford-Kroeger spoke last year at the Canadian Ecology Centre’s Earth Day book talks. She is a world-recognized author, medical biochemist and botanist.

Beresford-Kroeger has a unique combination of western scientific knowledge and the traditional concepts of the ancient world. She was one of the first to conceptualize what forest therapy really is.

“Tree air is loaded with antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, antiseptics, antivirals and analgesics,” she says.

Trees and other plants produce hundreds to thousands of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). These carbon-based chemicals easily evaporate from a liquid or solid into air at much lower temperatures than most chemicals, Beresford-Kroeger explains.

“For example, your nose is sensing VOCs when you smell pine trees.”

She gives us the reasons why trees are so beneficial for our health.

“Trees produce their own self-defence mechanisms,” says Beresford-Kroeger. “Trees secrete these compounds to protect themselves from insects and microbes. By simply being close to trees, we breathe in these antimicrobials. A growing body of research has shown that living close to trees has beneficial effects on mental health, as well as well-being, mood, cognition and lifespan.”

These airborne compounds increase immune system regulators, while decreasing respiratory rates, stress levels, blood pressure and stress (adrenaline and cortisol).

Beresford-Kroeger has an ambitious “bioplan” encouraging ordinary people to develop a new relationship with nature, to join together to replant the global forest and be “with nature.”

Her books include The Sweetness of a Simple Life, The Global Forest, Arboretum Borealis, Arboretum America and A Garden for Life.

Beresford-Kroeger was elected as a fellow of the Royal Geographical Society in 2011. More recently, in 2016, the society named her one of 25 women explorers of Canada.

“Like the brain, trees are an enigma machine,” says Beresford-Kroeger. “Nobody knows how they really work. Trees have more DNA than a human child. They communicate in two ways: One, by silent infrasound into the emotions; the other, in a chemical communication with the atmosphere. The drum of the tree beats a message to us all.”

Beresford-Kroeger encourages walks in all seasons. But a forest therapy guide is not a therapist, she emphasizes.

“The forest itself is the therapist,” she says. “The forest does all the work. My words simply open the door to the forest to help connect the forest with the person.”

If needed, Beresford-Kroeger says you can be guided by certified professionals and Google will find programs for you.

“The guide’s role isn’t to explain the flora and fauna. Rather, the guide facilitates the contemplative experience, offering participants invitations to interact with the forest in a meaningful and healing way.

“How many of us really slow down and feel the different textures in the forest?” she asks.

Where are those trees with aerosols and where can we get a dose this winter?

Guylaine Thauvette, Nipissing forest management forester with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry North Bay District, suggests a ‘Sunday’ drive to Boulter Township where there are some of the area’s most expansive, mature red pine plantations dating back to the 1940s.

Best access is from Rutherglen on Hwy. 17 E. Take the Rutherglen Line to Development Road, turn right on Farmer’s Line, left on Laplante Road, left on Guay Road and right on what will turn into what is known locally as ‘Grand Desert’ Road.

It is here you will see an expansive plantation, looking east. These roads are former colonization roads, with many farmsteads, active and abandoned.

Back Roads Bill explores the backroads and back waters of Northern Ontario in The Nugget. He is the founder of the Canadian Ecology Centre and teaches part time at Nipissing University and Canadore College For more information on Beresford-Kroeger go to

Websites Most Frequently Used by Physician for Gathering Medical Information

In today’s world, Medical Professionals employ more than just their College Degrees to establish Diagnostic decisions.

physician information gathering
Amazing advances in Search, AI & Machine Learning Technologies are being employed frequently as part of the Physician's Diagnostic decision making. (iStock/Getty Images)


Physicians’ use of the Internet to gather medical information has increased in recent years. Several studies have been conducted to explore the implications of this use on patient education, the physician-patient relationship, and diagnosis/decision making. In order to better understand the current and future implications of Internet use on patient care activities, it is important to know the Internet sources physicians prefer to consult. The objective of this study was to determine the Internet sources of information physicians most often use to gather medical information. This study demonstrated that the vast majority of physicians indicate they access a targeted site rather than utilize a search engine (such as Google©) to gather medical information. Of the targeted site types, most physicians indicate they use 1) edited/secondary data sources as their primary medical information data retrieving, 2) about one quarter of the physicians surveyed indicated research databases which provide access to medical journal publications 3) a minority of physicians use sites dedicated to their specialized area and 4) a small percentage use medical web site portals.


A study was conducted to identify which websites physicians prefer using for gathering medical information. As a basis for collecting data, the research team developed an online questionnaire. The online survey method was considered appropriate for this sort of research as it emphasizes collecting data from relatively large numbers of individuals. The Missouri Division of Professional Registration ( provided the name, last name, middle name and email for 4,671 (December 2004 data) medical physicians and surgeons licensed in Missouri, with e-mail addresses on record. 4,593 of the e-mails were deemed useful after reviewing the record set. Of these 3,113 (67%) lived inside and 1,478 (33%) outside of Missouri. Subjects were invited by automated personalized email to fill in the questionnaire and received one follow-up e-mail 15 days after the initial invitation. Data were analyzed using SPSS.


We received a total of 381 valid responses to questions related to identifying preferred web sites for information gathering (8.3%). The vast majority (92%) of physicians indicate they access a targeted site rather than utilize a search engine (such as Google©) to gather medical information. 47.8% of subjects, who reported using a search engine as their preferred access to medical information reported that they do not consider the search engine an accurate source. In contrast, 96.7 % of physicians using a targeted site indicated they considered their on-line information source as being accurate. Of the targeted site types, 123 (32.3%) physicians indicate they use edited/secondary data sources as their primary medical information data retrieving. Specifically, 10.8% use Uptodate (, 8.4% use Medscape (, 5.5% use Webmd (, 4.7% use Mdconsult ( and 2.9% use Emedicine ( More than one quarter (27.3%), 104, of the physicians surveyed indicated their on-site preferred source of medical information was research databases, which provide access to medical journal publications. Specifically, 19.7% use Pubmed (, 3.9% use Ovid, and 3.7% use Medline as their primary web source for on-line medical information gathering. A minority of physicians identified various sites dedicated to their specialized area, with no site representing more than 2.9% of the sample. Finally, a small percentage (3.1%) use medical web site portals (Mercmedicus,, for example) as their preferred means to gather medical information.


The Internet may be an essential way for physicians to improve their medical knowledge and to acquire updated information about health care and their profession. Unlike many information seekers, physicians in search of medical data seem overwhelmingly to favor targeted sites rather than web browsing for medical information. It is of note that most targeted sites contain edited and/or secondary data. Since the knowledge gained on line is transformed in practice, one may question whether a comprehensive view is obtained when consulting an edited source and/or only one preferred source.

via – NCBI | Source – NCBI | Search  》Medical Professionals Research Resources | Twitter @Encyclomedical

An emerging Irish technology may be key to containing the Wuhan coronavirus

The COVID-19 pandemic is challenging laboratories worldwide to find solutions.

Aquila Bioscience at NUIG, Galway, Ireland may have developed containment technology. (iStock/Getty Images)

Aquila Bioscience at NUIG has developed a technology, called Abwipe, which they say could prove a useful countermeasure to the Wuhan coronavirus, Covid-19. The technology was originally designed in consultation with the European Defence Agency to protect military and emergency personnel from biological agents such as anthrax.

Professor Lokesh Joshi, vice-president of research at NUIG and founder of Aquila Bioscience, told Gript that the technology currently takes the form of wipes, but that it could easily be adapted to masks and other protective clothing should circumstances require them.

The technology works by trapping microbes within a material, where they can be safely disposed of. As Covid-19 appears to be spread primarily through droplets or through contact with a surface that an infected person has coughed or sneezed on, the wipes would allow a person to easily remove Covid-19 from their hands or the surfaces around them. Removing the risk of infection.

The technology involved may also prove invaluable when dealing with antibiotic resistant bacteria as the technology does not involve any antibiotic treatment. According to the World Health Organisation at least 700,000 people die each year to drug-resistant diseases.

Professor Lokesh Joshi, vice-president of research at NUIG and founder of Aquila Bioscience, told Gript that Aquilla’s technology has passed through testing and that discussions with manufacturers are currently ongoing.

via – Gript | Source – Gript | Search Corona Virus Research

CDC has a delightfully witty facial hair guide to respirators

Someone at the CDC has a sense of humour.

via – Reddit r-medicine | Source – Reddit | Search  》CDC

Educating the Public on the Dangers of Soda & Energy Drinks is Super Easy

Research reveals the Public Appetite for Soda & Energy Drinks can be swayed through taxation.

The Public Health Dangers of Soda & Energy Drinks is long known. (iStock/Getty Images)

Sweet beverages like soda and energy drinks are terrible for our health. Consuming all of this diluted sugar is strongly correlated with a myriad of health risks, including obesity, diabetes, heart disease, gout, and even early death. But soda is cheap and delicious; it can even be less expensive than bottled tap water! Put bluntly: Soda is irresistible by design, so of course we continue to drink it.

But according to new research led by Lisa Powell, professor at the University of Illinois at Chicago, it takes very little to make a measurable impact on how many sweets people choose to drink—a mere cent per ounce, in fact.

In a paper published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, Powell’s team analyzed the effectiveness of a sweet-drink sales tax that ran in the Chicagoland area for four months in 2017. The highly controversial program, called out by some for taxing the poor, added a one-cent tax on every ounce of drinks that used sugar and artificial sweeteners, ranging from Coca-Cola to Monster. The study didn’t weigh the mortality of the tax, a topic of heated debate. It just explored, objectively, whether or not it actually prompted the desired behavioral change.

Citizens of Cook County, where the tax launched, already paid some of the highest sales and property taxes in the country. Fed up with yet another tax, they entreated politicians to repeal the law. But what Powell found was that, in terms of public health, the tax was remarkably effective at getting consumers to buy less soda.

With help from Nielsen, the team gathered data from 90% of grocery, convenience, and mass merchandise stores across Cook County—actually analyzing the UPC-scan data from clerks swiping purchases across the checkout laser. And what they found was the small tax dropped soda purchases by 27%.

How energy drinks affect your body within 24 hours. (Source - Medical News Today)

“Prices went up and consumption started to fall,” says Powell, suggesting that this is the sort of result you expect from established economic theory. But the team also looked at data from stores in a 2-mile buffer around Cook County, the sorts of places you might drive to in order to stock up on soda without the tax. Indeed, researchers found a spike in soda buying in those areas. But even accommodating for the cross-borders bootlegging, soda consumption in Cook County still dropped by 21% from the tax.

Of course people will buy less of something when it costs more, but why was this small tax so effective? Powell points out that soda is so cheap that the tax, while low in absolute cost, is proportionately large in relative cost. A 2-liter bottle of soda is actually 67 ounces, meaning that 99-cent splurge would bump the drink to $1.66. The more soda someone buys, the more this effect compounds. On average, the tax bumped prices by 34%, but on large drinks, that number was more like 52%. (Meanwhile, on already pricey energy drinks, the tax was a relatively small hike—only 10% or so.)

The research suggests that taxing soda convinces some people to consume less of it—but what other design interventions could be implemented, other than a price hike? Powell points to tobacco legislation as a good example. She believes limiting access where people can consume soda, as it’s currently limited from sale in many public schools, can make a difference—just as the clean air laws banning smoking at workplaces and restaurants can make a difference. “You go to an ER, what’s in the waiting room? A soda machine!” Powell says. “When you’re in the waiting room for your ill ones, you’re getting yourself ill.”

Powell believes that Michael Bloomberg’s oft-roasted large fountain drink ban in New York City from 2013 (overruled by courts in 2014) was actually a good idea. It’s another way of limiting access. She also points out that legislation limiting sweet-drink marketing may be in the future too.

On paper, all of that sounds great: Intervene in every way possible so that people drink less sugar and live longer! But some have criticized the soda tax as disproportionately targeting low-income individuals, given that people with less income tend to drink more soda than the rest of the population. Who are legislators to take a hard-earned Fanta out of someone’s hands? Powell points out that the study didn’t take socioeconomics into account, but agrees that it probably did affect people with lower incomes more than other groups.

However, there’s another twist in the data, which suggests that maybe tax targeting could save people money. While tracking soda, the researchers also tracked the sale of milk and 100% fruit juices. They were curious if consumption of these other drinks spiked as a result of people forgoing their soda. And what they found was . . . nothing. There was no spike. People didn’t give up soda to just spend the money somewhere else.

“Perhaps they were actually saving money and just drinking tap water,” says Powell. And as she suggests, if money from a soda tax were reinvested into infrastructure to promise safe drinking water for everyone, then maybe a widespread soda tax really would be the best thing for everyone—whether we like it or not.

via – Fast Company | Source – Fast Company | Search  》Energy Soda Drinks

The Reasons Stress Turns your hair White

Other than plain old genes. Stress is the main cause for hair whitening.

Ex-President Obama is a classic example of the effects of stress on your hair. (iStock/Getty Images)

In 1902, the British Medical Journal reported an unusual case of rapid hair whitening.

A 22-year-old woman “witnessed a tragedy of a woman’s throat being cut and the victim falling dead at her feet,” according to a physician at the London Temperance Hospital. The next day, the right side of her pubic hair turned white, while the left half remained black.

This historic case study makes for a terribly weird (and rapid) example of an otherwise common occurrence: gray hairs seem to accumulate when we’re stressed. And it’s not just random violence that sends people’s pigment running—college exams, children, and work pressure appear to change our coloring, too. But for millennia, scholars have been relying mostly on anecdotal proof and intuition to rationalize this phenomenon. In the absence of clear evidence, many scientists did not believe stress could turn hair snow white, instead arguing the change must be triggered by chemicals or strange immune system behavior. Rare cases where doctors observed the rapid whitening—like in the 1902 BMJ study—were a source of endless consternation.

A recent paper, published Wednesday in the journal Nature, may put some of these arguments to rest. In the study, stem cell and regenerative biologists from the United States and Brazil reported that stress can indeed cause hair to lose its pigment—and they identified a cellular pathway by which it can occur.

To study this vexing relationship, the researchers created an elaborate animal model, which basically involved trying to turn black-haired rats white with lab-made stressors. They tried three different tactics: restraint stress, chronic unpredictable stress, and nociception-induced stress, which is caused by physical pain (or the threat of it). Each successfully turned the rat’s hair white. Perhaps unsurprisingly, nociception-induced stress, which the scientists stimulated by injecting the rats with resiniferatoxin, an analogue of the chili pepper compound capsaicin, worked best and fastest.

Having identified the optimal way to make a rat panic, the team began searching for corresponding changes in the physiological pathways that give rise to coat color. They were particularly interested in the behaviors of two types of cells: differentiated melanocytes, which produce pigment in the hair and skin, and melanocyte stem cells, the raw material from which melanocytes develop. To observe each one independently, the researchers injected their tiny test subjects with the hot pepper-like substance when the rats’ fur was actively growing. At that point in the hair growth cycle, differentiated melanocytes naturally cluster in the hair bulb, while melanocyte stem cells gather together in a separate space called the bulge.

For five days after the injection, the rats’ coats remained black. The differentiated melanocytes in the hair bulb continued to pump out color. But in many follicles, the overtaxed melanocyte stem cells were “completely lost,” the researchers report. Pushed by a flood of noradrenaline, a neurotransmitter that surges in response to stress, the existing stem cells proliferated so quickly that they completely disappeared from their niche. The next time the rats’ coat grew, there were no melanocyte stem cells in these damaged follicles, so white hairs sprouted.

“In just a few days, the reservoir of pigment-regenerating stem cells [was] depleted,” Ya-Chieh Hsu, a professor of stem cell and regenerative biology at Harvard and the study’s senior author, told PopSci in an email. The loss was permanent. “And once they’re gone, pigment cannot be generated anymore.”

“This is an exquisitely elegant paper unrevealing an important mechanism of hair graying,” Alexey Terskikh, who researches development, aging, and regeneration at the Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute, wrote via email.

But there are many other ways hair can lose its color. A 2018 paper suggested an overactive immune response can also destroy melanocytes and melanocyte stem cells in rats, bleaching their coat. Certain skin cancer drugs turn some patients’ hair transparent. Doctors think it’s a sign their bodies are responding positively to the drug. Genetic pathways, environmental pathways, and mutations can also play a role, according to Terskikh.

Hair still holds many secrets. We don’t know why hair loss plays out differently on someone’s scalp than on their face or, for that matter, their back. And, unfortunately for the anonymous Englishwoman with world-famous pubes, doctors still don’t agree about canities subita, the contested phenomenon where hair blanches seemingly overnight. But, in many cases, scientists are narrowing in on answers. In recent years, there’s been a surge in research and development for anti-balding solutions—and many of them show promise. Terskikh, for his part, is working on regenerating hair from scratch using things like pluripotent stem cells. If it works, we’ll have an unlimited supply of hair—presumably in every shade.

via – popsci | Source – Popular Science

Advancements in Liver Cancer Testing Using DNA Markers

Latest testing techniques using DNA Markers look promising.

Liver Cancer Testing (iStock/Getty Images)

Early diagnosis and treatment of cancer tumor in soft tissues vastly increases the odds for survival. Liver cancer can be difficult to detect, often not manifesting symptoms until it’s in a more advanced stage. Imagine if your own body could be the key to unlocking a better way of finding early signs of liver cancer?

Catching Early-Stage Tumors

That could soon be possible thanks to ongoing research at Mayo Clinic developing a using DNA markers to look for liver cancer in its earliest stages. Current tests have difficulty locating the presence of liver cancer when it’s in a more curable stage.

How the Test Works

The test compares atypical DNA markers found in liver cancer patients to alpha-fetoprotein, a protein produced in the liver during the fetal development stage. The latest round of testing located curable tumors in more than 90% of patients participating in the trial. These same markers were undetectable in either healthy individuals or cirrhosis patients not currently suffering from tumors.

The Next Steps

The next phase for the research group involves using the test on a larger pool of test subjects. If the results hold up, this represents a real breakthrough that could save many lives. The success of this test could also encourage other researchers to use DNA markers in similar ways to help with other cancers that can be difficult to diagnose in its earlier stages.

Are you interested in keeping up with the latest in medicine? Find out more about various research being conducted at Mayo Clinic by signing up for Forefront Magazine, an designed to keep you informed about the latest in medical advances.

via – | Source – T.J.Manning

6 Habits of Super Learners

Learn any skill deeply and quickly

A sure test of your Mental Health is how deeply & quickly you learn. (iStock/Getty Images)

Becoming a super learner is one of the most important skills you need to succeed in the 21st century. In the age technological change, staying ahead depends on continual self-education — a lifelong mastery of new models, skills and ideas.

In a world that’s changing fast, the ability to learn a new skill as fast as possible is quickly becoming a necessity. The good news is, you don’t need a natural gift to be better at learning something new even when you have a full-time career.

Many polymaths (people who have excelled in diverse pursuits) — including Charles Darwin, Leonardo da Vinci and the Nobel prize-winning physicist Richard Feynman — claimed not to have exceptional natural intelligence.

We all have enough brainpower to master a new discipline — we use the right tools, approaches, or apply what we learn correctly. Almost anyone can learn anything — with the right technique.

Better learning approaches can make the process enjoyable. The key to rapid skill acquisition isn’t complicated. If you aim to learn a new skill to improve your career this year, some of these habits can be useful for you.

1. Super learners read a lot

Reading is to the mind what exercise is to your body. It gives us the freedom to roam the expanse of space, time, history, and offer a deeper view of ideas, concepts, emotions, and body of knowledge.

Your brain on books is active — growing, changing and making new connections and different patterns, depending on the type of material you’re reading. Highly successful learners read a lot.

In fact, many of the most successful people share this appreciation for reading — they don’t see reading as a chore but as an opportunity to improve their lives, careers and businesses.

Elon Musk grew up reading two books a day, according to his brother. Bill Gates reads 50 books per year. Mark Zuckerberg reads at least one book every two weeks. Warren Buffett spends five to six hours per day reading five newspapers and 500 pages of corporate reports.

In a world where information is the new currency, reading is the best source of continuous learning, knowledge and acquiring more of that currency.

2. Super learners view learning as a process

Learning is a journey, a discovery of new knowledge, not a destination.

It’s an enjoyable lifelong process — a self-directed and self-paced journey of discovery. Understanding any topic, idea or new mindset requires not only keen observation but more fundamentally, the sustained curiosity.

“A learning journey is a curated collection of learning assets, both formal and informal, that can be used to acquire skills for a specific role and/or technology area,” writes Sonia Malik of IBM.

Learning is an investment that usually pays for itself in increased earnings. More than ever, learning is for life if you want to stay relevant, indispensable and thrive in the changing world of work.

Super learners value the process. They don’t have an end goal, they seek consistent improvement. They keep mastering new principles, processes, worldviews, thinking models, etc. The “ongoing, voluntary, and self-motivated” pursuit of knowledge is important for their maturity.

3. They adopt a growth mindset

You can’t go wrong cultivating a growth mindset — a learning theory developed by Dr Carol Dweck that revolves around the belief that you can improve intelligence, ability and performance.

“The illiterate of the 21st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn,” argues Alvin Toffler, a writer, futurist, and businessman known for his works discussing modern technologies.

Cultivating a growth or adaptable mindset can help you focus more on your most desirable goals in life. It may influence your motivation and could make you more readily able to see opportunities to learn and grow your abilities.

The ability to keep an open-mind, acquire better knowledge and apply it when necessary can significantly improve your life and career.

4. Super learners teach others what they know

According to research, learners retain approximately 90% of what they learn when they explain/teach the concept to someone else, or use it immediately.

Teaching others what you know is one of the most effective ways to learn, remember and recall new information. Psychologists, call it the “retrieval practice”. It’s one of the most reliable ways of building stronger memory traces.

Learn by teaching someone else a topic in simple terms so you can quickly pinpoint the holes in your knowledge. It’s a mental model coined by the famous physicist Richard Feynman.

Known as the “Great Explainer,” Feynman was revered for his ability to clearly illustrate dense topics like quantum physics for virtually anybody. The Feynman Technique is laid out clearly in James Gleick’s biography, Genius: The Life and Science of Richard Feynman.

The ultimate test of your knowledge is your capacity to transfer it to another. A better way to learn, process, retain and remember information is to learn half the time and share half the time. Example, instead of completing a book, aim to read 50 percent and try recalling, sharing, or writing down the key ideas you have learned before proceeding.

5. Effective learners take care of their brains

Keeping your brain healthy keeps it sharp. What you do or don’t do for your brain can significantly change how your record, process and retrieve information. Everyone wants to live an active life for as long as possible. And that goal depends on robust brain health.

That means eating lots of foods associated with slowing cognitive decline — blueberries, vegetables (leafy greens — kale, spinach, broccoli), whole grains, getting protein from fish and legumes and choosing healthy unsaturated fats (olive oil) over saturated fats (butter).

Fruit and vegetables combat age-related oxidative stress that causes wear and tear on brain cells,” says Dr Gary Small, a professor of psychiatry and ageing.

Our brains naturally decline if we do nothing to protect them. However, if you intervene early, you can slow the decline process — it’s easier to protect a healthy brain than to try to repair damage once it is extensive.

6. They take short breaks, early and often

Downtime is crucial to retaining anything you choose to learn. According to recent research, taking short breaks, early and often, can help you learn things better and even improve your retention rate.

“Everyone thinks you need to ‘practice, practice, practice’ when learning something new. Instead, we found that resting, early and often, maybe just as critical to learning as practice,” said Leonardo G. Cohen, M.D., Ph.D., a senior investigator at NIH’s National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke.

Better breaks help the brain solidify, memories during the rest periods. Whatever you choose to learn over time, it’s important to optimise the timing of rest intervals for better results.

Experts at the Louisiana State University’s Center for Academic Success recommends 30–50 minutes sessions. “Anything less than 30 is just not enough, but anything more than 50 is too much information for your brain to take in at one time,” says learning strategies graduate assistant Ellen Dunn.

Our brains’ neural networks need to time process information, so spacing out your learning helps you memorise new information more efficiently — give your brain enough time to rest and recover.

via – | Source@AllTopStartUps | Search  》Learning & Education

Women can fall pregnant in swimming pools ‘even without penetration’ if men with ‘strong sperm’ ejaculate in the water, says Indonesian child protection boss

  • Sitti Hikmawatty, commissioner for health, made the claims during an interview
  • Hikmawatty – whose surname translates as wisdom – has been ridiculed online
  • Doctors have said it is impossible to get pregnant in the way she described

Women can fall pregnant in swimming pools ‘even without penetration’ if men with ‘strong sperm’ ejaculate into the water, an Indonesian child protection boss has claimed.

Sitti Hikmawatty, the comissioner for health, narcotics and addictive substances at the Indonesian Child Protection Commission (KPAI), made the extraordinary claims in an interview with the Tribun Jakarta last week.

Ms Hikmawatty – whose surname translates as ‘wisdom’ – has apologised for her comments, saying they were made in a ‘personal capacity’, after she faced backlash on social media. 

Doctors in Indonesia have said it would be impossible for women to get impregnated in this way.

Sitti Hikmawatty - whose surname translates as 'wisdom' - made the comments in an interview with the Tribun Jakarta last week

‘There is an especially strong type of male sperm that may cause pregnancy in a swimming pool,’ said Ms Hikmawatty.

‘Even without penetration, men may become sexually excited (by women in the pool) and ejaculate, therefore causing a pregnancy.

‘If women are in a phase where they are sexually active, (such a pregnancy) may occur. No one knows for sure how men react to the  sight of women in a swimming pool.’

The Indonesian Doctors Association told the Jakarta Post that women cannot be impregnated in swimming pools. 

Indonesian blogger doctor, called Blog Dokter, said in response to her claims: ‘Once again, I remind you, if you do not understand health problems, it’s better to be quiet. Instead of your comments causing anxiety and panic.

‘I will emphasise here, swimming with the opposite sex will not cause pregnancy. Not all men who swim ejaculate and sperm cannot live in chlorinated pool water, let alone swim into the vagina.’

The head office of the Indonesian Child Protection Office (KPAI) pictured in the capital Jakarta

She has faced ridicule on social media. Photos have been uploaded of her shaking hands with a senior commissioner with the reflection of pool water pasted over the top.

One Twitter user wrote: ‘When there is a flood. Ordinary people: Save ourselves and other valuables. Sitti Wisdom: Please separate men and women so that no one gets pregnant.’

A cartoon strip has also been posted online showing a women getting pregnant after she enters flood waters with a man.

The chairman of the KPAI, Susanto, has issued a statement saying her claims do not represent the views of the organisation.

‘We hereby state that KPAI’s understanding and attitude are not reflected in the online news narrative.’

Ms Hikmawatty issued an apology on Sunday. ‘I apologise to the publi for giving an incorrect statement,’ she said. ‘It was a personal statement and not from KPAI. I hereby revoke the statement. I plead with all parties not to disseminate it further or even make it available.’

via – Daily Mail