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The Health Benefits & Side Effects of St. John’s Wort

St. John's Wort. An ancient herbal remedy. (iStock/Getty Images)


St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum) is a flowering plant in the Hypericaceae family named for its bright yellow flowers that were said to bloom for the first time around St. John the Baptist’s birthday. The word “wort” means “plant” in Old English.

  • St. John’s wort
  • Saint John’s wort
  • Hypericum (from the scientific name)
  • Goatweed
  • Klamath weed
  • Tipton weed

People have been using St. John’s wort for centuries. Today, the popular herb is often used to ease the symptoms of depression.

Possible Health Benefits of St. John's Wort. Source - Verywell. Author - Jessica Olah.

Health Benefits

St. John’s wort is widely believed to boost mood and provide some relief from depression, but it’s not exactly clear how it works.

Researchers suspect that ingredients in the herb (hypericin and hyperforin) may increase levels of certain brain chemicals, like serotonin. People with depression often have low levels of serotonin and other neurotransmitters.

One reason people may wish to try the natural remedy for depression (as opposed to antidepressants that can increase serotonin) is that St. John’s wort tends to have fewer side effects than medications.

The herb is also being explored for the following health concerns:

An oil made from St. John’s wort has also been used topically for wound healing and a variety of other skin conditions such as eczema and hemorrhoids.




Although the benefit of St. John’s wort is still being explored, research suggests the herb can be more effective than a placebo in alleviating mild-to-moderate depression.


A 2015 review published in the Annals of Family Medicine examined whether antidepressants were more effective than a placebo for patients being treated for depression by their primary care doctor.The researchers examined 66 previously published studies (with a total of 15,161 participants) and found that both antidepressant medications and St. John’s wort extracts were more effective than a placebo for treating mild to moderate depression.


People taking St. John’s wort were also more likely to continue treatment, as the herb was associated with fewer adverse effects compared to tricyclic and tetracyclic antidepressants, selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), a noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (NRI), a serotonin-noradrenaline reuptake inhibitor (SNRI), and noradrenergic and specific serotonergic antidepressant agents (NaSSAs).


Major Depression


The most comprehensive research on St. John’s wort and major depression includes a 2018 report published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.2


Researchers looked at 29 previously published clinical trials (with a total of 5,489 participants) that compared the effects of St. John’s wort to a placebo or standard antidepressant medication for a period of four to 12 weeks.


The study’s authors found that St. John’s wort extracts may be more effective than a placebo and were as effective as standard antidepressants. Additionally, the herb appeared to have fewer side effects. 

The authors noted that the studies conducted in German-speaking countries (where St. John’s wort has a long history of use and is often recommended by physicians) reported more positive results than studies conducted in the United States and other countries.


Possible Side Effects

People taking an oral St. John’s wort supplement for a short period of time may experience side effects. These may include:

  • Mild stomach upset
  • Diarrhea
  • Dry mouth
  • Headache
  • Tiredness
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety
  • Restlessness
  • Tingling
  • Allergic skin reactions
  • Sexual or erectile dysfunction
  • Vivid dreams
  • Liver injury
  • Psychosis (rare)

When used topically, St. John’s wort may cause a skin rash. St. John’s wort (both oral or topical) can also increase the sensitivity of your skin and eyes to sunlight. If you have a condition such as lupus or are taking medication that can cause photosensitivity (such as some acne medications), review the risks and benefits of taking St. John’s wort with your doctor or pharmacist.


Possible Drug Interactions


St. John’s wort can cause serious interactions with commonly used medications because of how it gets broken down by the liver. The herb can interact with medication in different ways. It can make some drugs less effective while making the effect of others stronger.4


The types of medications that may interact with St. John’s Wort include:

  • Antibiotics
  • Antidepressants
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Immunosuppressants
  • Blood thinners such as warfarin
  • Sedatives and medications used to treat anxiety
  • Drugs used to treat cancer, heart conditions, and HIV/AIDS
  • Over-the-counter medications (for sleep, coughs, and colds)

St. John’s wort can also interact with other herbs and supplements. You should avoid taking any nutritional supplement or remedy that can raise serotonin, such as 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTP), L-tryptophan, or SAMe if you are taking St. John’s wort.


Taking St. John’s wort with antidepressants or any substance that raises serotonin can cause serotonin syndrome, a potentially dangerous condition resulting from an excess of serotonin. Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include confusion, fever, hallucinations, nausea, loss of muscle coordination, sweating, and shakiness.


If you experience any of these symptoms, stop taking St. John’s wort and seek immediate medical attention. Without treatment, the condition can be fatal.




There may be certain situations where it would be unsafe for you to take a supplement such as St. John’s wort or you will need an adjusted dose.


For example, if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, trying to conceive, or taking oral contraceptives (birth control pills), it’s important to talk with your doctor before you start taking St. John’s wort.


St. John’s wort may worsen symptoms in people with certain conditions, including:


Some research has indicated taking certain herbal supplements, including St. John’s wort, may increase your risk of complications if you are put under anesthesia. You should not take St. John’s wort for two weeks before having surgery.5


If you have received an organ transplant, you will need to avoid St. John’s wort as it can interact with the medications given to help prevent transplant rejection.


Dosage and Preparation

There is not enough scientific data to provide a standard recommended dose of St. John’s wort, though there are doses commonly used by researchers who are investigating the herb’s effect on depression.


In NIH-funded trials, participants were given a 300mg dose of a specific concentration of St. John’s wort extract three times a day (900mg daily total). The maximum dose given was 1,800mg per day. By the end of the eight-week trial, the average daily dose was 1,300mg per day.

The appropriate dose of St. John’s wort for you will depend on several factors including your age, biological sex, and medical history. It’s best to work with your doctor, pharmacist, and/or an alternative health practitioner to personalize your dose to ensure effectiveness and safety.


St. John’s wort can be found in several different preparations depending on how it will be used. There are dry, oil, and liquid preparations, including tinctures, capsules, and elixirs.6


Each preparation of St. John’s wort will have different potencies. The strength may also vary from one supplement brand to another.


If you are taking St. John’s wort for depression, you may find taking a daily capsule more effective than using a topical treatment (which may be better suited to treating muscle pain, for instance).


To help maintain its effectiveness, all preparations of the herb should be kept in a cool, dry, place. Active ingredients in St. John’s wort may be affected by light, which is why the supplements are often packaged in a dark-colored container. Make sure to store the bottle or package out of direct sunlight.


St. John’s wort products need to be stored safely, just like any other medication. Unlike prescription and over-the-counter drugs, herbal supplements don’t always come in child-proof containers.

What to Look For

St. John’s wort is widely available in pharmacies, supermarkets, and health food stores and comes in different doses. Check the Supplement Facts label for the product you choose to ensure you are getting the appropriate dose. This label also provides information about other ingredients the supplement may contain.


The National Institutes of Health (NIH) suggests looking for products with a seal of approval from a third-party organization that provides quality testing, such as U.S. Pharmacopeia, Consumer Lab, or NSF International.


A seal of approval from these organizations assures a product was properly manufactured, that it actually includes the ingredients listed on the label, and does not contain harmful levels of contaminants. A seal of approval does not, however, guarantee a product’s safety or effectiveness.
Source –

Peripheral neuropathy: Burning and numbness in hands, legs and feet

1 – Video

Peripheral neuropathy: Burning and numbness in hands, legs and feet
Watch this video on YouTube.

2 – Introduction & Credits

Peripheral neuropathy is an uncomfortable burning or numbing sensation in the feet and legs.
The most common causes?
First is diabetes, and the second is alcohol consumption.
Neurologist Amir Shokrae, M.D., explains the causes and symptoms and demonstrates the instruments used for detection of this painful condition.
Shokrae is joined by Larry Santora, M.D., medical director of the Orange County Heart Institute and host of “Health Matters with Dr. Larry Santora” television series, which airs weekly on PBS OC.


Produced by Chapman University’s Panther Productions, “Health Matters with Dr. Larry Santora” is sponsored by St. Joseph Health, St. Joseph Hospital, Biotronik, Churm Media, The Widdicombe Family, Medtronic, Weaver Health Solutions and Abbott Vascular.

3 – Topics Covered –

  • Nerve dysfunction.
  • Degeneration of nerve fibers starting in toes, fingers.
  • Gradually spreads to knees, wrists & arms overtime.
  • Known as ‘stocking & glove distribution’.
  • First main causes are diabetes, hyperglycemia, pre-diabetic state.
  • Second is alcohol consumption, (toxicity of alcohol kills the nerves.)
    (Moderate drinking acceptable, importance to watch sugars.)
  • Third may be underlying causes. Malignancies, Lung cancers, lymphoma, multiple myeloma.
  • Forth may be problem with spinal cord, stenosis, demylenation, inflammation or central nervous system.
  • Importance to strengthen immunity with diet-supplements rich in Vitamin B12, Thiamine, Folic.
  • Fifth may be autoimmune neuropathy.
  • Sixth may be Guillain-Barre syndrome causing ascending neuropathy.
  • Difference between ‘acquire’ & ‘genetic’ neuropathy.
  • Smoking not a direct cause but does cause poor circulation. Peripheral vascular disease.
  • Importance to consult doctor, possibly neurologist, if no obvious cause. Start with primary care, family doctor with knowledge of family medical history.
  • 20 million Americans suffer.
  • Worldwide most common causes of neuropathy are infections ie. leprosy, HIV, shingles, Lyme disease,
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4 – Further research by Search Engine –

5 – Related Articles on

Numbness of Face

Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition. Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor, as many of these questions will be asked. Alternatively, if you are in severe distress call your Emergency Services. (Note - We provide diagnostics in visual & audio formats below.)
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Table of Contents


Numbness refers to the loss of sensation in any part of your body. Numbness on
your face isn’t a condition, but a symptom of something else.

Most causes of facial numbness are related to compression of your nerves or
nerve damage. Having your face feel numb once in a while isn’t that
unusual, although it can feel strange or even frightening.

Keep reading to learn more about causes of numbness to your face and which ones are concerning.

Emergency medical attention

There are some symptoms related to facial numbness that warrant an immediate
trip to the doctor. Call 911 or seek emergency care if you have facial
numbness along with any one of the following:

  • facial numbness that occurs after a head injury
  • numbness that begins suddenly and involves an entire arm or leg in addition to your face
  • difficulty speaking or comprehending others
  • nausea and dizziness
  • severe headache
  • vision loss in one or both eyes

Possible causes

Facial numbness can be caused by several underlying factors. Here are nine possible conditions that could be causing your face to feel numb.

Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory condition that affects your nerves. This condition is chronic, but it progresses at different rates for different people. Most people with MS experience short periods of worsening symptoms followed by long stretches of very few symptoms at all. One of the first symptoms of MS is often facial numbness.

Facial numbness alone is not enough to warrant testing for MS. Other early symptoms can include:

  • loss of coordination
  • loss of bladder control
  • blurred or loss of vision
  • painful spasms in your legs or arms

If your doctor suspects that you have MS, you’ll need to have several tests to rule out other  possibilities. Your doctor will likely do a physical examination, comprehensive neurological exam, a detailed family history, and an MRI scan.

MS flare-ups are treated with steroid drugs that temporarily suppress the immune system. Over the long term, the following drugs may help regulate and slow down MS progression:

  • ocrelizumab
  • dimethyl fumarate
  • glatiramer acetate

Bell’s palsy

Bell’s palsy is a condition that typically causes numbness on one side of your face.
Bell’s palsy sets in suddenly, and is most likely caused by the herpes virus. If you have Bell’s palsy, facial numbness is due to damage of the nerves in your face.

To diagnose Bell’s palsy, your doctor will need to rule out other possible causes for your facial  numbness. Neurological imaging, such as an MRI or electromyography, will determine if the nerves that control your face have been damaged.

Bell’s palsy is most often a temporary condition, but it can last for months or even years.


A certain type of migraine headache can cause numbness on one side of your body. This is called a hemiplegic migraine. In addition to facial numbness, you might experience:

  • dizziness
  • vision problems
  • speech difficulties

Typically, the symptoms of this kind of a migraine go away after 24 hours.

If you have a migraine along with facial numbness, your doctor will need to take a detailed family history and evaluate your symptoms. Sometimes this kind of migraine runs in families. Triptans and steroid medication injections are sometimes prescribed for the pain.


Facial numbness on one side or spread over your entire face can happen after you’ve had a stroke or ministroke. Numbness, tingling, or loss of control over facial muscles may come with other symptoms such as:

  • severe headache
  • difficulty speaking or swallowing
  • sudden vision loss in one or both eyes

Strokes are caused by obstructed or ruptured arteries.

A doctor will be able to tell if you’ve had a stroke based on your symptoms. In some cases, the  symptoms will disappear by the time that you get to a hospital or doctor’s office. Have someone keep a log of your symptoms, when they began, and how long they lasted until you’re able to get medical attention.

If you receive a stroke diagnosis, treatment will aim to prevent you from having another one. Your doctor may prescribe blood thinners. Lifestyle changes like quitting smoking and losing weight may also be part of your treatment plan.


Viral and bacterial infections can result in facial numbness. Dental problems, including infections underneath your gums and in the roots of your teeth, can also cause this symptom Other infections that can lead to a feeling of numbness over one side or all over your face include:

These infections need to be treated in order for your face to feel normal again. Your doctor may need to do a culture test or refer you to an infectious disease specialist or dentist to address an infection that’s
causing facial numbness.

Drug interactions

Taking certain drugs can have the side effect of temporary facial numbness. Prescription drugs and other substances that can have this effect include:

  • cocaine
  • alcohol
  • antihistamines
  • chemotherapy drugs
  • amitriptyline (Elavil) and other antidepressants

Even if numbness isn’t a listed side effect on a medication you’re taking, it’s possible that beginning a new prescription is the reason your face feels numb. Speak to your doctor if you suspect that you’re experiencing this side effect.

Head injuries

A direct blow to your head, a concussion, and other trauma to your brain can damage the nerves in your spinal cord and at the base of your brain. These nerves control the feeling in your face. In most cases, facial numbness isn’t caused by a head injury, but it does happen. Facial numbness can set in on one or both sides of your face up to 24 hours after head trauma.

You’ll need to describe the injury in detail to your doctor. After the initial physical examination, your  doctor may order brain imaging such as an MRI. Treatment will vary according to the severity of nerve damage, if any is found.

Allergic reactions

Numbness in your face or mouth can be caused by contact allergies. In the case of a food allergy, facial numbness can be accompanied by numbness or tingling in your tongue and lips.

Other contact allergy causes, such as ragweed and poison ivy, can also lead to numbness on your face if your skin comes in direct contact with the allergen.

If your doctor is trying to identify a new allergic reaction, you may be referred to an allergy specialist or a doctor who specializes in the immune system. Facial numbness of this type will be directly  connected to exposure to the allergen, and should resolve on its own within 24 hours.

Lyme disease

Lyme disease is an infection caused by tick bites. The tick must be on your skin for at least 24 hours to transmit the bacteria that causes the infection into your bloodstream. One of the symptoms of  untreated Lyme disease can be facial numbness.

By the time you experience facial numbness as a result of Lyme disease, the rash from a tick bite would be long gone and you’d have other symptoms of the condition. These symptoms could include:

  • mental fogginess
  • difficulty concentrating
  • fatigue
  • tingling or numbness in other parts of your body

If your doctor thinks you might have Lyme disease, you’ll have blood and spinal fluid tests to determine if your body has produced antibodies to fight the bacteria that causes the condition and whether you show ongoing signs of an infection.

Treatment for Lyme disease can help relieve some symptoms, including facial numbness. Your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics to treat infection from the bacteria.

The outlook

Many conditions that cause facial numbness, such as contact allergies and drug side effects, resolve on their own within 24 hours. Some conditions, like MS, Lyme disease, and Bell’s palsy, may require ongoing treatment.

If you have any reason to suspect that you have an underlying health condition leading to your face to feel numb, contact a doctor right away. There are some conditions where prompt treatment will make all the difference in your long-term outlook.

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Numbness of Leg

Editors Advisory –
Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition.
Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor, as many of these questions will be asked. Read this Preparatory Guide to getting the most from your visit. Alternatively, if you are in severe distress call your Emergency Services or – Click Here for immediate consultation with a doctor online.

A person may feel numbness in their legs and
feet due to sitting in a position that puts too much pressure on the
nerves or reduces blood flow. However, long-lasting or unexplained
numbness may be a sign of an underlying medical condition.

Long-term numbness or a tingling feeling in the legs and feet may be due to conditions such as multiple sclerosis (MS), diabetes, peripheral artery disease, or fibromyalgia. The sensation may be felt in the whole leg, below the knee, or in different areas of the foot.

In this article, we look at some of the reasons why a person might experience numbness in the legs and feet, along with symptoms and treatments.

Causes of numbness in legs and feet

Often, a person’s legs go numb temporarily because of their posture.
However, chronic or long-lasting numbness in the feet and legs is almost
always a sign of an underlying medical condition.

Conditions associated with feet and leg numbness include:


habits that put pressure on nerves or reduce blood flow in the lower
limbs are the most common cause of temporary numbness in the legs and
feet. Many people say their leg has “fallen asleep,” and the medical
term is transient (temporary) paresthesia.

Habits that can cause the feet and legs to fall asleep include:

  • crossing the legs for too long
  • sitting or kneeling for long periods
  • sitting on the feet
  • wearing pants, socks, or shoes that are too tight


Injuries to the torso, spine, hips, legs, ankles, and feet can put pressure on nerves and cause the feet and legs to go numb.


Some people with diabetes develop a type of nerve damage called diabetic neuropathy. Diabetic neuropathy can cause numbness, tingling, and pain in the feet, and if severe, the legs as well.

Lower back issues and sciatica

in the lower back, such as a breakdown or herniation of spinal discs,
can cause compression of the nerves going to the legs, leading to
numbness or sensory disturbances.

is the name for irritation of the sciatic nerve, which runs from the
lower back to the legs. If this nerve becomes irritated or compressed, a
person may experience numbness or tingling in their legs or feet.

Tarsal tunnel syndrome

tunnel syndrome occurs when a nerve that runs down the back of the leg
and along the inside of the ankle and into the foot is compressed,
squeezed, or damaged.

The tarsal tunnel is a narrow space on the
inside of the ankle. People with tarsal tunnel syndrome tend to feel
numbness, burning, tingling, and shooting pain in their ankles, heels,
and feet.

Peripheral artery disease

artery disease (PAD) causes the peripheral blood arteries in the legs,
arms, and stomach to narrow, reducing the amount of blood they can pump
and reducing blood flow. The legs are one of the most common parts of
the body impacted by PAD.

Most people with PAD experience pain and
cramping in their legs and hips when they are walking or going
upstairs. Some people with PAD also experience leg numbness and

Symptoms of PAD typically go away after a few minutes of rest.

Tumors or other abnormal growths

Tumors, cysts,
abscesses, and benign (non-cancerous) growths can put pressure on the
brain, spinal cord, or any part of the legs and feet. This pressure can
restrict blood flow to the legs and feet, causing numbness.

Alcohol use

The toxins in alcohol can cause nerve damage that is associated with numbness, especially in the feet.

or excessive alcohol consumption can also lead to nerve damage that
causes numbness. This type of nerve damage is linked to reduced levels
of B vitamins, such as B-1 (thiamine), B-9 (folate), and B-12, which is caused by excessive alcohol intake.


is a chronic or long-lasting condition that causes widespread body
pain, aching, and tenderness. Some people with fibromyalgia also
experience numbness and tingling in the hands and feet.

Most people with fibromyalgia experience a variety of symptoms including:

  • stiffness and soreness for no apparent reason, especially in the morning or after sleeping
  • chronic exhaustion
  • memory problems and difficulty thinking clearly, sometimes called fibro-fog
  • restless leg syndrome

everyone with fibromyalgia experiences symptoms in more than one part
of their body for at least 3 months at a time. If numbness in the legs
and feet is not accompanied by any other symptoms or is not long-term,
it is unlikely to be caused by fibromyalgia.

Multiple sclerosis

with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience sensory nerve damage that can
cause numbness in a small region of their body or whole limbs. Although
numbness associated with MS often only lasts for a short period, it can
last long enough to become disabling.

Stokes and mini-strokes

Strokes or mini-strokes can cause brain damage that may affect how the mind interprets and processes nerve signals. A stroke or mini-stroke can sometimes cause temporary or long-term numbness in parts of the body.


Numbness is just one of the many symptoms associated with temporary and chronic numbness.

Many people with numbness in their legs and feet experience additional symptoms at the same time or intermittingly, such as:

  • tingling
  • burning
  • tickling
  • itching
  • a crawling feeling under the skin


The proper treatment for numb legs and feet depends entirely on the cause.


Medical options for long-term numbness in the legs and feet include:

  • Antidepressants. Some antidepressants, such as duloxetine and milnacipran, have been approved for the treatment of fibromyalgia.
  • Corticosteroids. Some corticosteroids can help reduce chronic inflammation and numbness associated with conditions such as MS.
  • Gabapentin and pregabalin.
    Medications that block or change nerve signaling may help reduce
    numbness associated with conditions such as fibromyalgia, MS, and
    diabetic neuropathy.

Home remedies

Home remedies that may help to relieve uncomfortable numbness in the legs and feet include:

  • Rest. Many of the conditions that cause leg and foot numbness, such as nerve pressure, improve with rest.
  • Ice. Ice can help reduce swelling that can put pressure on nerves. Apply cold compresses or wrapped icepacks to numb legs and feet for 15 minutes at a time several times daily.
  • Heat. Heat can sometimes help loosen stiff, sore, or tense muscles that can put pressure on nerves and cause numbness. However, avoid overheating numb legs and feet, as this may or worsen inflammation and cause pain and numbness.
  • Massage. Massaging numb legs and feet helps improve blood flow and may reduce symptoms.
  • Exercise. A lack of proper exercise can weaken the heart and blood vessels, reducing their ability to pump blood to the lower limbs. Activities such as yoga, Pilates, and tai chi can promote blood flow and reduce chronic inflammation or pain.
  • Supportive devices. Braces and specially designed footwear can help reduce nerve pressure caused by conditions such as injury, tarsal tunnel syndrome, or flat feet.
  • Epsom salt baths. Epsom salts contain magnesium, a compound known to increase blood flow and circulation. Epsom salts are available for purchase online.
  • Mental techniques and stress reduction. People with conditions that cause chronic numbness, such as MS and fibromyalgia, should try to focus on the fact that the periods of numbness are often short-lived and go away on their own. Stress also tends to make the symptoms of central nervous system disorders worse.
  • Sleep. Many of the chronic conditions associated with leg and feet numbness are known to worsen with a lack of proper sleep.
  • A healthful, balanced diet. Malnutrition, especially vitamin B deficiencies, can cause nerve damage leading to numbness. Getting enough vitamins and other nutrients can also reduce chronic inflammation and pain, which can cause numbness.
  • Alcohol reduction or avoidance. Alcohol contains toxins that can cause nerve damage and numbness. Alcohol also usually makes the symptoms of chronic pain and inflammatory conditions worse and can even cause flare-ups of symptoms.

Alternative therapies

Some alternative therapies have been shown to help reduce the
symptoms of conditions known to cause numbness in the legs and feet.
Therapies include:

  • massage
  • reflexology
  • acupuncture
  • biofeedback
  • hydrotherapy
  • mindfulness meditation
  • guided imagery
  • vitamin B supplementation (especially B-3, B-6, and B-12)

Source –

Numbness of Arm

Editors Advisory –
Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition.
Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor, as many of these questions will be asked. Read this Preparatory Guide to getting the most from your visit. Alternatively, if you are in severe distress call your Emergency Services or – Click Here for immediate consultation with a doctor online.

Why Is My Arm Numb?

When it’s an emergency

Arm numbness can be an alarming symptom, but it’s not always as concerning as it seems. It’s usually caused by something harmless, such as sleeping in an unusual position. But it can also sometimes be a sign of a heart attack or stroke.

Heart attacks and strokes happen when the blood flow to the heart or brain is interrupted, which can quickly cause tissue damage. That’s why it’s so important to act fast. If you notice signs of a heart attack or stroke in yourself or someone else, call 911 immediately.

Heart attack

Heart attack symptoms to watch for include:

  • chest pain or discomfort in the center or on the left side
  • pain, numbness, or prickliness in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw, or stomach
  • shortness of breath
  • unusual fatigue or exhaustion
  • sudden nausea or vomiting

Learn more about heart attack warning signs.


Stroke symptoms to watch for include:

  • trouble speaking or understanding (confusion, slurring words)
  • numbness or paralysis in the arm, face, or leg (usually on one side)
  • trouble seeing out one or both eyes
  • a sudden intense headache
  • trouble walking, dizziness, and loss of coordination

Learn to recognize the signs of a stroke.

When in doubt, call 911. When it comes to strokes and heart attacks, every minute counts.

Read on to learn more about the more likely causes of your arm numbness.

Poor circulation

Your body’s circulatory system is responsible for moving blood around your body. It carries oxygenated blood from the heart to the body’s other tissues, delivers nutrients to your cells, and brings deoxygenated blood back to the heart.

When there’s a problem with your circulation, blood doesn’t flow properly to certain areas of your body. This can lead to numbness and tingling, especially in your arms or legs.

Poor circulation isn’t a condition, but a symptom of something else. If you don’t notice any other symptoms, you probably unknowingly have your arm in an unusual position that makes it harder for blood to reach it. Stretch your arm out and see if you regain sensation.

In other cases, poor circulation can be a sign of:

  • Peripheral artery disease. Peripheral artery disease happens when your arteries narrow, reducing blood flow to your arms and legs. It can also cause cramping or pain in your arms and legs.
  • Blood clots. Blood clots are small clumps of blood that can form anywhere in the body, including your arms and legs. They can be life-threatening when they form in the blood vessels of your brain or heart. Immobile blood clots generally won’t harm you but a blood clot in your arm could break off and travel to the brain or other organs.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes increases your risk of developing poor circulation. Years of high blood sugar can damage blood vessels, reducing their ability to circulate blood.
  • Varicose veins. Varicose veins are enlarged, often visible, veins. These damaged veins don’t move blood as well as non-varicose veins.

Improve your circulation with these yoga poses.

Peripheral neuropathy

Peripheral neuropathy happens when there’s damage to the peripheral nervous system. This is a complex network responsible for sending information from your brain and spinal cord — which make up your central nervous system — to the rest of your body.

This damage can result in mild to severe symptoms, such as:

  • numbness
  • tingling
  • exaggerated pain when touched
  • burning pain
  • muscle wasting
  • paralysis
  • major organ problems

What causes peripheral neuropathy?

There are several conditions that can cause damage to the peripheral nervous system, including:

  • Diabetes. Diabetes is one of the most common causes of peripheral neuropathy. About 60 to 70 percent of all people with diabetes develop some form of neuropathy.
  • Trauma. Broken bones, burns, and other injuries can all cause either temporary or permanent nerve damage.
  • Repetitive motion. Repetitive motions can cause inflammation in the muscles, tendons, and other tissues. This inflammation can compress and damage nerves, leading to conditions like carpal tunnel syndrome, thoracic outlet syndrome, and cubital syndrome.
  • Vasculitis. This condition happens when chronic inflammation causes the vessel walls to develop scar tissue, which interferes with normal blood flow to the nerves.
  • Autoimmune diseases. Autoimmune diseases involve your immune system attacking your body’s own cell, which can lead to nerve damage. Examples of autoimmune diseases include lupus and rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Vitamin deficiencies. The peripheral nervous system requires proper nutrition. Deficiencies — such as not getting enough vitamin B-12 or vitamin B-1 — can cause peripheral neuropathy.
  • Medications. Certain medications, including several chemotherapy drugs, can damage the peripheral nervous system.
  • Infections. Some viral and bacterial infections target nerve tissue and cause severe damage. These include hepatitis C, Lyme disease, Epstein-Barr, and shingles.
  • Tumors. Cancerous tumors can grow on or around nerves, causing compression.
  • Exposure to toxins. Exposure to toxins, such as lead, can cause nerve damage.
  • Kidney problems. When the kidneys aren’t working properly, toxins build up in the blood. These toxins can damage nerve tissue.

Animal and insect bites

Occasionally, numbness may be the result of a serious animal or insect bite. The bite of a venomous snake may cause numbness in the extremities. A bite from a rabid animal can cause rabies, which causes neurological symptoms in its later stages.

If you have a numb arm after being bitten or stung, seek emergency medical treatment. You can also read about first-aid essentials for bites and stings.

Other causes

Other things that can cause arm numbness include:

  • Multiple sclerosis. This is a disease of the central nervous system. It results in communication problems between your brain and the rest of your body, which can result in numbness.
  • Degenerative disc disease. As you age, the discs of your spine, which act as shock absorbers, start to wear down. Degenerative disc disease can result in numbness and tingling in your arms and legs.
  • Herniated disc. Sometimes, the discs of your spine can rupture and put pressure on a nerve root. In a herniated (or slipped) disc, if the disc presses on a cervical spinal nerve, it can cause arm weakness.
  • Hemiplegic migraine. Hemiplegic migraines are a rare type of migraine that can cause numbness, especially along one side of your body. It’s often mistaken for a stroke.

When to see a doctor

Even if you’ve ruled out a heart attack or stroke, it’s always a good idea to follow up with your doctor if you have unexplained numbness in any part of your body. This is especially important if it doesn’t seem to go away once you change positions.

During your appointment, make sure to tell your doctor:

  • when your symptoms started
  • what you were doing when they started
  • whether your symptoms come and go or remain constant
  • whether you regularly do repetitive motions
  • what makes the numbness better or worse
  • if you recently started taking a new medication or supplement
  • if you’ve recently been stung or bitten
  • if you’ve had any recent major injuries
  • if you have any medical conditions, even if they don’t seem related to your symptoms

Source –

Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease.

Editors Advisory –
Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition.
Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor or
Click Here for immediate consultation with a doctor online.


Charcot (shahr-KOH)-Marie-Tooth disease is a group of inherited disorders that cause nerve damage. This damage is mostly in your arms and legs (peripheral nerves). Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy.

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease results in smaller, weaker muscles. You may also experience loss of sensation and muscle contractions, and difficulty walking. Foot deformities such as hammertoes and high arches also are common. Symptoms usually begin in your feet and legs, but they may eventually affect your hands and arms.

Symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease typically appear in adolescence or early adulthood, but may also develop in midlife.


Signs and symptoms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease may include:

  • Weakness in your legs, ankles and feet
  • Loss of muscle bulk in your legs and feet
  • High foot arches
  • Curled toes (hammertoes)
  • Decreased ability to run
  • Difficulty lifting your foot at the ankle (footdrop)
  • Awkward or higher than normal step (gait)
  • Frequent tripping or falling
  • Decreased sensation or a loss of feeling in your legs and feet

As Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease progresses, symptoms may spread from the feet and legs to the hands and arms. The severity of symptoms can vary greatly from person to person, even among family members.


Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is an inherited, genetic condition. It occurs when there are mutations in the genes that affect the nerves in your feet, legs, hands and arms.

Sometimes, these mutations damage the nerves. Other mutations damage the protective coating that surrounds the nerve (myelin sheath). Both cause weaker messages to travel between your extremities and brain.

That means some of the muscles in your feet may not receive your brain’s signal to contract, so you’re more likely to trip and fall. And your brain may not receive pain messages from your feet, so if you’ve rubbed a blister on your toe, for example, it may get infected without your realizing it.

Risk factors

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is hereditary, so you’re at higher risk of developing the disorder if anyone in your immediate family has had the disease. Other causes of neuropathies, such as diabetes, may cause symptoms similar to or worsen Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.

Other causes of neuropathies, such as diabetes, may cause symptoms similar to or worsen those of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Also, medications such as the chemotherapy drugs vincristine (Marqibo), paclitaxel (Abraxane, Taxol) and others can make symptoms worse. Be sure to let your doctor know about all of the medications you’re taking.


Complications of Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease vary in severity from person to person. Foot abnormalities and difficulty walking are usually the most serious problems. Muscles may get weaker, and you may injure areas of the body that experience decreased sensation.

You may also experience difficulty breathing, swallowing or speaking if the muscles that control these functions are affected by Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.


During the physical exam, your doctor may check for:

  • Signs of muscle weakness in your arms, legs, hands and feet
  • Decreased muscle bulk in your lower legs, resulting in an inverted champagne bottle appearance
  • Reduced reflexes
  • Sensory loss in your feet and hands
  • Foot deformities, such as high arches or hammertoes
  • Other orthopedic problems, such as mild scoliosis or hip dysplasia

Your doctor may also recommend the following tests, which can help provide information about the extent of your nerve damage and what may be causing it.

  • Nerve conduction studies. These tests measure the strength and speed of electrical signals transmitted through your nerves. Electrodes on the skin deliver small electric shocks to stimulate the nerve. Delayed or weak responses may indicate a nerve disorder such as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.
  • Electromyography (EMG). A thin needle electrode is inserted through your skin into the muscle. Electrical activity is measured as you relax and as you gently tighten the muscle. Your doctor may be able to determine the distribution of the disease by testing different muscles.
  • Nerve biopsy. A small piece of peripheral nerve is taken from your calf through an incision in your skin. Laboratory analysis of the nerve distinguishes Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease from other nerve disorders.
  • Genetic testing. These tests, which can detect the most common genetic defects known to cause Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, are done by blood sample. Genetic testing may give people with the disorder more information for family planning. Recent advances in genetic testing have made it more affordable and comprehensive. It’s important to have genetic counseling before undergoing genetic testing so you know the pros and cons of testing.


There’s no cure for Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. But the disease generally progresses slowly, and it doesn’t affect expected life span.

There are some treatments to help you manage Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease.


Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease may sometimes cause pain due to muscle cramps or nerve damage. If pain is an issue for you, prescription pain medication may help control your pain.


  • Physical therapy. Physical therapy can help strengthen and stretch your muscles to prevent muscle tightening and loss. A program usually includes low-impact exercises and stretching techniques guided by a trained physical therapist and approved by your doctor. Started early and followed regularly, physical therapy can help prevent disability.
  • Occupational therapy. Weakness in the arms and hands can cause difficulty with gripping and finger movements, such as fastening buttons or writing. Occupational therapy can help through the use of assistive devices, such as special rubber grips on doorknobs or clothing with snaps instead of buttons.
  • Orthopedic devices. Many people with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease require the help of certain orthopedic devices to maintain everyday mobility and to prevent injury. Leg and ankle braces or splints can provide stability while walking and climbing stairs. Consider boots or high-top shoes for additional ankle support. Custom-made shoes or shoe inserts may improve your gait. Consider thumb splints if you have hand weakness and difficulty with gripping and holding things.


If foot deformities are severe, corrective foot surgery may help alleviate pain and improve your ability to walk. Surgery can’t improve weakness or loss of sensation.

Potential future treatments

Researchers are investigating a number of potential therapies that may one day treat Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease. Potential therapies include medications, gene therapy and in vitro procedures that may help prevent passing the disease to future generations.

Source –

healing power of music

The Healing Power of Music

“Music is a moral law. It gives soul to the universe, wings to the mind, flight to the imagination, and charm and gaiety to life and to everything.”

George Moran, 39, a music teacher in Long Valley, N.J. had his heart stopped for 90 minutes, placing him on a heart-lung machine. He was having a cardiac valve repair at Morristown Memorial Hospital. When he came out of surgery, the tubes in him made it difficult to breathe.

While in the recovery room, Moran heard a woman playing a beautiful harp. The harpist’s gentle arpeggios, according to researchers studying music’s effects in recovery, may have helped regulate his heart rate, breathing, and blood pressure. He reported that the music had calmed his body and stopped him from thinking about what was going on. He felt more relaxed and rested.

Healing Music Therapy

Hospitals around the country are using music therapy to ease a patient’s pain, lower blood pressure, and reduce anxiety and depression. Music also helps patients heal faster. A 2007 survey of U.S. health facilities by the Society for the Arts in Healthcare, along with the Joint Commission and Americans for the Arts, found that of 1,923 healthcare facilities, 35 percent offered music, of some type, to patients. Hospitals are becoming more aware of the healing benefits of music therapy, as outlined in a USA Today 2008 article:

  • Severe stroke patients admitted to a hospital in Helsinki, Finland listened to recorded music for at least an hour a day. They recovered their verbal memory faster and experienced less depression. This compared to those who listened to audiobooks or nothing (Journal Brain, March 2008).
  • Premature babies who listened to two hours of Mozart each week had a lower heart rate and slept better, according to researchers at New York-Presbyterian Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center in New York.
  • Terminally ill patients in Australia had less anxiety, pain, and drowsiness after having a single music therapy session compared to those who did not listen to music (Journal of Palliative Medicine, May 2008).

Other studies have shown music therapy beneficial for autism, learning disabilities, dementia, and pain management during labor and birth.

Music is Good for Our Soul

When we listen to music we love, it resonates deep inside us. Certain melodies spark our wellbeing, creativity, and sense of adventure. Our problems, worries, and fears lessen when we hear a favorite song. And whatever musical tastes we have—jazz, R&B, rock, classical or a combination—when we find it, it can help transform our mood from melancholy to elation. One minute we feel hopeless, then an inspiring tune comes on the radio, and we feel motivated again. When we feel anxious or are having a bad day, a melody or lyric can soothe and revive us. That’s the power of music, a friend who energizes and consoles.

Music also unites us in a powerful way. More than 400,000 people attended the Woodstock Music Festival in 1969 to peacefully enjoy three days of music. We see it at concerts where crowds roar with excitement over a favorite band. At that moment, the audience is one in their mutual experience of delight.

In Conclusion

Certain songs can stir up past love affairs, happy and sad memories and mark generations, like John Lennon’s Imagine of 1971. No other form of creativity has the lasting power of music because it universally speaks to us. We can feel healed, inspired and united with others. Music can make us shout, dance with abandon and sing like stars.  So not only does music help heal us physically but it can also boost our happiness. As French Poet Victor Hugo said, “Music expresses that which cannot be said and on which it is impossible to be silent.”

Source –

Related – Relaxing Music Playlist

Numbness of Foot

Editors Advisory –
Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition.
Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor, as many of these questions will be asked. Read this Preparatory Guide to getting the most from your visit. Alternatively, if you are in severe distress call your Emergency Services or – Click Here for immediate consultation with a doctor online.

The article is arranged in the following headings –
1 – What is numbness in your foot?
2 – What are the symptoms of numbness in your foot?
3 – What causes numbness in your foot?
4 – When to seek medical help for numbness in your foot?
5 – How is numbness in your foot diagnosed?
6 – How is numbness in your foot treated?

What is numbness in your foot?

Your feet rely on a sense of touch to pull away from hot surfaces and to navigate changing terrain. But if you experience numbness in your foot, you may have little to no sensation in your foot.

Numbness in your foot may be a temporary condition or it can be the result of a chronic condition, such as diabetes. The symptom can also be progressive. You may begin to lose some sensation in your foot then slowly lose more and more feeling as time goes on. Seeking medical advice for numbness in your foot may help slow or delay its progress.

What are the symptoms of numbness in your foot?

The chief symptom for numbness in your foot is losing sensation in your foot. This affects your sense of touch and balance because you can’t feel your foot’s position against the ground.

While sensation loss is the main symptom of numbness in your foot, you may experience some additional, abnormal sensations. These include:

  • prickling
  • pins-and-needles sensation
  • tingling
  • weak-feeling foot or feet

These additional symptoms can help your doctor diagnose what’s causing the numbness in your foot.

What causes numbness in your foot?

Your body is a complex network of nerves that travel from the tips of your toes and fingers to your brain and back again. If you experience damage, a blockage, infection, or compression of a nerve that travels to the foot, you may experience numbness in your foot.

Medical conditions that can cause numbness in your foot include:

You may also experience numbness in your foot after prolonged episodes of sitting. This sensation loss — often called “going to sleep” — occurs because the nerves that lead to the foot are compressed while you sit. When you stand and blood flow returns, your foot may feel as if it’s numb. A pins-and-needles feeling usually follows before circulation and sensation return to your foot.

When do I seek medical help for numbness in my foot?

Numbness in your foot that occurs suddenly and with other symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, can be cause for concern. Seek immediate medical attention if you experience the following symptoms as well as numbness in your foot:

  • confusion
  • difficulty talking
  • dizziness
  • loss of bladder or bowel control
  • numbness that begins in a matter of minutes or hours
  • numbness that involves multiple parts of the body
  • numbness that occurs after a head injury
  • severe headache
  • trouble breathing

While not always an emergency, a combination of foot numbness and these symptoms can be a sign of:

Make an appointment to see your doctor if the numbness in your foot is causing you to trip or fall frequently. You should also see your doctor if the numbness in your foot is getting worse.

If you have diabetes, make an appointment to see your doctor or podiatrist for foot numbness. Diabetes is a common cause of foot numbness because the metabolic changes can cause nerve damage.

How is numbness in your foot diagnosed?

Diagnosing foot numbness depends upon how severe your symptoms are. A doctor may order a computed tomography (CT) scan if you’re having stroke-like symptoms. This allows a doctor to view your brain and identify any blockages or bleeding that could be causing your symptoms.

Your doctor will also take a medical history and ask for a description of your symptoms. Questions asked may include:

  • How long does the numbness last?
  • What other symptoms do you experience along with the numbness?
  • When did you first notice the numbness in your foot?
  • When is the numbness worse?
  • What makes the numbness better?

After you share your medical history with your doctor, a physical examination typically follows. Your doctor will most likely examine your feet and determine if the sensation loss impacts one or both feet. Some studies your doctor may order include:

  • electromyography, which measures how well muscles respond to electrical stimulation
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) study to view abnormalities in the spine, spinal cord, or both
  • nerve conduction studies, which measure how well nerves conduct electric currents

Additional tests depend upon the suspected diagnosis.

How is numbness in your foot treated?

Numbness in the foot is a common cause of imbalance and can increase your risk of falling. Working with a physical therapist to develop a balance program will help reduce your fall risk.

Movements and exercises that don’t irritate your foot numbness are great ways to improve blood flow to the affected nerves. Talk to your doctor and physical therapist about designing an exercise program that works for you.

Treating numbness in your foot is very important. A lack of sensation can increase your risk for foot wounds, trips, and falls. You may experience a cut or injury without knowing it if you cannot sense the foot well. Your wound may not heal as quickly if you have decreased circulation.

Treating the underlying cause of numbness in your foot may help the symptom go away.

Your doctor may also recommend seeing a podiatrist at least yearly if you have chronic numbness in your foot. Here are some tips to keep in mind:

  • inspect your feet regularly for cuts or wounds
  • put a mirror on the floor so you can see the soles of your feet better
  • wear well-fitting shoes that protect your feet to minimize your risk for foot wounds

Keeping these precautions in mind can help minimize any other potential problems that can be caused by foot numbness.

Source –

Editors Advisory –
Self Diagnosis is helpful but never conclusive in determining the cause of your condition.
Please ensure to read carefully all of the sections of this article before consulting your doctor or
Click Here for immediate consultation with a doctor online.

Quitting Alcohol

Benefits of Quitting Alcohol

Abstaining from alcohol can lead to several mental health benefits, including improved focus, energy, memory and sleep. It can also reduce your risk for heart problems, liver problems and several types of cancer.

Excessive drinking does a lot of long-term damage to the body. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, abusing alcohol can impair the immune system, harm our organs and increase cancer risk.

The most obvious immediate side effects of drinking are related to the harm it causes to the brain. You feel dizzy, confused and disoriented right after drinking a lot of alcohol. The next day, you feel groggy and may have a headache. Other common physical side effects of alcohol include nausea, vomiting, and low body temperature.

These effects are symptoms of the internal damage that alcohol causes. Vital organs and other internal parts of the body can recover from infrequent, moderate drinking. But the regular binge drinking and heavy drinking that often accompany alcohol addiction can cause long-term damage that lowers your quality of life. Drinking this way increases your chances of developing numerous alcohol-related diseases.

Fortunately, the body can usually bounce back if you quit drinking. Recovery from liver damage may even be possible. You may not realize that alcohol is hurting your everyday health until you quit drinking and start to feel better.

Physical Benefits of Abstaining from Alcohol

The most noticeable physical benefits of sobriety occur in the brain. Depending on how much you’re used to drinking, these can occur fairly quickly.

Within a few days or weeks, you’ll notice improvements in your:

  • Focus
  • Critical thinking
  • Problem-solving
  • Memory

Cutting back on alcohol intake may help you lose weight. It can also help improve nutritional deficiencies related to drinking. Quitting alcohol can also lower the risk of developing different cancers.

Quitting alcohol can potentially prevent:

  • Liver cancer
  • Breast cancer
  • Mouth cancer
  • Esophagus cancer
  • Pharynx cancer

Alcohol also harms the immune system. People who drink regularly may be more likely to get sick. Abstaining from alcohol allows your body’s natural defenses to operate at full strength and protect you from the disease.

Mental Health Improvements During Sobriety

In addition to physical side effects, alcohol can cause several mental health problems. It often disrupts sleep and mood. People who drink heavily are at an increased risk for anxiety disorders and depression. Extremely heavy drinkers may also experience hallucinations. Quitting alcohol can help you recover from many mental health ailments.

The mental health benefits of sobriety include:

  • Longer and deeper sleep
  • Stabilized mood
  • Anxiety relief
  • Depression relief

If you continue to experience mental health problems after months of abstinence, you may have a co-occurring disorder that’s independent of alcohol use. Alcohol can make existing mental health conditions worse, but co-occurring disorders are treatable if you receive therapy.

Other Benefits of Quitting Alcohol

Drinking too much alcohol can lead to embarrassing moments and regrettable situations. People who overdrink or drink too often are more likely to experience problems in other parts of life.

When you quit drinking, you may experience:

  • Greater academic success
  • Improved relationships
  • Fewer financial and legal problems
  • Increased confidence in yourself

Many people don’t notice that alcohol is impacting other parts of their life. They may not realize that they’re spending less time with friends or family because they’re recovering from a hangover. Or they may not recognize that sluggishness at work or school is related to drinking the night before.

In the earliest alcoholic recovery stages, alcoholics may also rationalize their drinking or deny that there’s an issue — even when all signs point to a problem.

How Each Person Is Likely to Benefit

It’s difficult to estimate when a person will experience benefits from sobriety because each person is different. Factors such as your age, gender, weight, family history, and existing health conditions affect the benefits that you’ll experience.

For example, a 55-year-old man who has been drinking three beers each day for 20 years has probably developed minor liver problems. Abstaining from alcohol is likely to have a major impact on his life. His liver will be able to heal itself after a month or two of abstinence, and he’ll likely feel more energetic and focused within weeks of quitting.

A 25-year-old woman who only drinks a few glasses of wine on the weekend may not experience clear health benefits when she quits drinking. But she may notice that she has fewer groggy mornings.

However, a 25-year-old woman who binge drinks at every Friday happy hour and Sunday brunch will probably experience significant physical and mental health benefits after reducing her alcohol intake.

Some people with alcohol addiction may take longer to recognize the benefits of sobriety. They could continue to keep the alcoholic mindset even though they are sober. These people, sometimes referred to as dry drunks, may act recklessly or dysfunctionally.

Fortunately, recovery programs can help people adopt healthier ways of thinking and behaving to prevent alcohol relapse.

Overall, high-risk drinkers are more likely to benefit from abstinence because alcohol is causing more health problems in their lives than it causes in the lives of responsible drinkers. But anyone can benefit from sobriety because the potential benefits of alcohol don’t outweigh its known harms and risks.

Author – Chris Elkins, MA,

Source –


The following video is a charming, friendly & personal account of the Top 10 Reasons To Quit Drinking Alcohol, from Wranglerstar.

Top 10 Reasons To Quit Drinking Alcohol
Watch this video on YouTube.

The Top 10 Reasons To Quit Drinking Alcohol are as follows –
#1. Stop doing stupid things.
Drinking alcohol breaks down inhibitions leading to stupid & unnecessary spending, (especially online), inappropriate social behavior, excessive eating, etc.
#2. Don’t become ‘The insufferable Bore’ in social situations.
There is nothing worse than the new convert to sobriety in a social gathering virtue-signaling about the wonders of not drinking alcohol. It is like the old joke about how do you know the Vegan at the dinner party? (They’ll tell you).
#3. Sleep. Enjoy the “Sleep of the Just’.
Excessive drinking of alcohol disrupts deep & healing sleep which is vital to maintaining health.
#4. Sobriety clears your mind to accomplish more in your life.
Experience the clarity of thought & purpose in your life without the after-effects of a heavy night’s drinking.
#5. Save money.
Speaks for itself!
#6. Loose weight.
As stated in #1. Eating fattening food is common while intoxicated.
#7. Respect.
Excessive drinking will inevitably lead to others in your social circle losing respect for you. Especially if you are a father & husband.
#8. See #2
#9. Self-pride.
Having the strength of character to firmly but gently resist alcohol will enhance your self-worth.
#10. Quitting will make you a happier person.
There is an old quote about alcohol –
‘Alcohol will preserve everything except – Health. Happiness & Money.

Quote –
Don’t judge a man by where he is, because you don’t know how far he has come.

C.S.Lewis on Judging others.

Medicine Of Templars

The Medicine Of The Templars

At Paris, 18 March of 1314, on the island of the Seine in front of the Garden real, Jacques de Molay, the last Great Master of the Templars, and Geoffroy de Charny, preceptor of Normandy, were burned as heretics.

Thus finishes the history of the Knights of the Temple after two centuries. The Templars would have been in possession of the most hidden secrets of alchemy. They were first to use the IPERICO on burns and hurts from cut, like antiseptic, astringent, healing, and in order to improve humor of the soldiers that remained immobilized in bed for months.

The Templars created a mixture with pulp of Aloe, pulp of Hemp and wine of Palm called “ELISIR of GERUSALEM”, with therapeutic and nourishing properties, they used the Arborescens ALOE for its antiseptic, bactericidal and fungicide actions and for its capacity to penetration in the deeper layers of the skin. Robert Anton Wilson, in his book on the Templars, asserts that they used the hashish and practiced a shape of Arabic Tantrism; the doctrine of enlightenment as the realization of oneness of one’s self and the visible world, combining elements of hinduism and paganism, including magical and mystical elements.

The authors of Holy Blood and Holy Grail, Baigent, Leigh and Lincoln, comment that the Templars need to treat wounds and illness, made them experts in the use of drugs and the Order in advance of their time regarded epilepsy not as demonic possession but as a controllable disease. Interestingly, cannabis is the safest natural or synthetic medication proven successful in the treatment of forms of epilepsy.

The esoteric inheritance and the alchemical-spagyrics acquaintances were handed from the Templars to the Crocifers. From these Orders, that one of Saint Giacomo or Jacobite managed many Hospitals during the XV century. To the Jacobite monks , in quality of experts in the cure of the diseases of the skin, the task was entrusted to cure the wounded soldiers during the Crusades, in the Hospitals of Malta and Cyprus.

To them, in fact, was attributed the capability to create miraculous ointments. In such historical context it must estimate the work of the Templars concluding with recognizing that they, anticipating the times, had a modern vision of the Medicine and, although were considered heretics and consigned to the fire, recently a document has been recovered in Archives Vaticans from the studious Barbara Frale that demonstrates as Pope Clemente V secretly pardoned Templars in 1314, acquitting their Great Master from the heresy accusation.

Absolution’s parchment for Templar Leaders including Jaques de Molay by the Apostolic Commission “ad inquirendum” of the 3 papal legates Bérenger Frédol, Etienne de Suisy and Landolfo Branacci
Chinon, Tours diocese, 1308 august 17-20. Archivum Secretum Apostolicum Vaticanum, Archivum Arcis, Armarium D 218.
1)“The trial of the Templars in the Papal State and the Abruzzi” (Città del Vaticano, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana, 1992) 2)Aries, P. 1985. Aries, P. 1985. Images of Man and Death. Harvard University Press, 271p. 3)Chronicon Monasterii S. Salvatoris Venetiarum Francisci de Gratia (1141-1380), ed. A. M. Duse, Venezia 1766, pp. 69-70. 4)L. Green Chronicle into History. An Essay on the Interpretation of History in Florentine Fourteenth-Century Chronicles Cambridge 1972. 5)A. Coville Documents su les Flagellants «Histoire littéraire de la Françe» 37 (1937),pp 390-411 6)Tononi AG. La Peste Dell’ Anno 1348. Giornale Linguistico de Archeologia, Storia e Letteratura 1884;11:139–52. 7)Horrox R, editor. The Black Death. Manchester: Manchester University Press; 1994. p. 14–26. 8)Hecker JFC. The epidemics of the Middle Ages. London: Sydenham Society; 1844. 9)R. Guarnieri, Prefazione storica, in M. Porete, Lo specchio delle anime semplici , traduzione di Giovanna Fozzer, prefazione storica di Romana Guarnieri, commento di Marco Vannini, Edizioni San Paolo 1994, p. 39. 10)Alfred D. Berger, “Marijuana,” Medical World News, July 16, 1971, pp. 37-43; reprinted in Marijuana Medical Papers. 11)B. Guenée Storia e cultura storica nell’occidente medievale. Bologna 1991, pp. 255-61. 12)V. Rutenburg Popolo e movimenti popolari nell’Italia del ’300 e ’400, introd. di R. Manselli, Bologna 1974, p. 109. 13)N. Biraben Les hommes et la peste en France et dans les pays européens et méditerranéens, voll. 2, Paris – La Haye 1975-76 (Civilisations et Sociétés 35-36), 2, p. 69. 14)Umberto da Romans, De eruditione praedicatorum, II, XCII, in Malato, medico e medicina nel Medioevo di J.Agrimi-C.Crisciani, Torino 1980.

15th Congress of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology, Rhodes-Greece
Prof. Camillo O. Di Cicco, M.D.

Author – Camillo Di Cicco
Source –